Children

An accidental discovery in mice may lead to a cure for one of the world’s most deadly infections. Share on PinterestResearchers have identified a bacterial species in the gut microbiota that protects against highly contagious rotavirus (pictured). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimate that each year, 215,000 children worldwide under the age of 5 years
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Adolescents who play contact sports, including football, are no more likely to experience cognitive impairment, depression or suicidal thoughts in early adulthood than their peers, suggests a new University of Colorado Boulder study of nearly 11,000 youth followed for 14 years. The study, published this month in the Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, also found
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Adapting features of the electronic medical record system used by doctors in caring for their patients may improve efforts to prevent antibiotic drug resistance, according to Penn State research. Physicians and pharmacists at Penn State College of Medicine collaborated with computer scientists to expand the work of the Antimicrobial Stewardship Program at Penn State Health
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The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital are joining forces to combat childhood cancers in developing countries, where children are four times more likely to die of the disease than in high-income countries due to a lack of affordable treatment and quality care options. Under a new agreement signed today,
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Researchers from Austria have found that ketogenic diets could affect psoriasis-like skin inflammation in mice. They noted that keto diets including medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) such as coconut along with omega-3 fatty acids obtained from nuts and seeds and fish oil could be a recipe for psoriasis exacerbation. They speculated that this could be true for
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Scientists have highlighted a possible link between infection with rotavirus and an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. Undergoing vaccination against the pathogen may be an effective way to prevent the condition. Could a routine childhood vaccination reduce the incidence of type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. The exact reason
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Deaf infants who have been exposed to American Sign Language are better at following an adult’s gaze than their hearing peers, supporting the idea that social-cognitive development is sensitive to different kinds of life experiences. Gaze-following behavior, or looking where another person is looking, is an important milestone in child development that plays a key
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Milia are small bumps made up of keratin trapped under the skin. One lesion is called a milium. They can appear anywhere but tend to develop around or under the eyes. Milia frequently occur in newborn babies, though they also occur in children and adults. It can be easy to mistake milia for acne spots
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Results from a phase IIa open-label trial and a subsequent phase III open-label extension trial reinforce findings from an earlier short-term trial that adolescents with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis, or eczema, can experience significant improvements with dupilumab. The results from these latest studies, which are reported in the British Journal of Dermatology, demonstrate the long-term safety
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Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center has received a 5-year, $7.57 million grant renewal from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to continue leading a consortium of organizations from around the country that will conduct clinical research into eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders. The Consortium of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Researchers (CEGIR) also will train investigators in how to
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Bronchiolitis is a lung infection that mostly occurs in infants in the autumn and winter months, although adults may also develop it. This infection, which affects the lower airways, can be severe and often requires medical attention. Doctors often diagnose bronchiolitis in children under 2 years of age. Experts estimate that during a baby’s first
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When a healthy baby has a low temperature, it may not signal a problem. However, very low temperatures may indicate or cause a serious health problem. The average healthy body temperature is 98.6°F. Shifts in a baby’s activity level or environment can affect their temperature, while different methods of taking a temperature can give slightly
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Babies born with toxoplasmosis, which is caused by a congenital parasitic infection, can develop hydrocephalus, a condition where excess fluid creates damaging pressure in the brain. A new study led by University of Chicago Medicine researchers, collaborating with a group of physician scientists in Chicago, suggests that the faster a baby with congenital toxoplasmosis can
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Some people suffering from severe mental illness, particularly schizophrenia, hear “voices,” known as auditory hallucinations. This symptom, which afflicts more than 80% of patients, is among the most prevalent and distressing symptoms of schizophrenia. Patients “hear voices” speaking to them or about them without anyone actually being there. Auditory hallucinations, which usually begin in adolescence
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From a professional standpoint, Nathan Hoot, MD, PhD, understands the value of medical research that leads to new, groundbreaking drugs in the treatment of rare diseases. And as an emergency medicine physician, he’s familiar with adjusting ventilators and managing patients’ airways. But the magnitude of these matters also weigh on Hoot personally – as the
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When children are diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, stimulant medications like Ritalin or Adderall are usually the first line of treatment. The American Academy of Pediatrics issued new guidelines Monday upholding that central role of medications accompanied by behavioral therapy in ADHD treatment. Some experts say, however, they are disappointed the new guidelines don’t
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A team led by Kobe University Professor Mamiko Ozaki (Department of Biology, Graduate School of Science) has become the first to identify the chemical makeup of the odors produced by newborn babies’ heads. The results shed more light on the olfactory importance of newborns’ heads in mother-baby and kin recognition. They also developed a non-invasive
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