Children

Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 26 2020 Kindergartners in face masks. Closed playground structures. Random COVID-19 testing. They are among the long list of hypothetical scenarios for school in the pandemic era. And as lawmakers and educators reimagine the K-12 model for fall, a new survey assessed parents’ plans for in-person school and support for
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 26 2020 An innovative, interactive cloud-based data portal debuted this week that lets academic researchers mine the world’s largest and most comprehensive collection of scientific resources for studying pediatric solid tumors and their related biology. The Childhood Solid Tumor Network (CSTN) data portal on St. Jude Cloud was created to
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Historically, half or more of people with type 1 diabetes develop kidney disease, which frequently progresses to kidney failure, requiring dialysis treatment or kidney transplantation for survival, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Development and progression of kidney disease in type 1 diabetes is associated with higher levels of a chemical in the blood
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Mother’s chronic prenatal psychological distress and elevated hair cortisol concentrations are associated with gut microbiota composition of the infant, according to a new publication from the FinnBrain research project of the University of Turku, Finland. The results help to better understand how prenatal stress can be connected to infant growth and development. The study has
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Neuroblastoma is one of the most common cancers in children and has limited treatment options. In a new study, researchers from Kanazawa University retrospectively analyzed children with refractory or relapsed high-risk neuroblastoma who were treated with 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG) and discovered a favorable prognosis in these patients. Neuroblastoma forms in organs that embryologically originate from nerve
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 18 2020 Social distancing and limited access to contraceptive and abortion care during the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and young adults according to a new study by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and Rutgers University. The researchers address how
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In a paper published online this week in Autism Research, scientists at NeuroPointDX, a division of Stemina Biomarker Discovery, Inc., in collaboration with researchers at the UC Davis MIND Institute and academic and clinical institutions across the country, report new findings from the Children’s Autism Metabolome Project or CAMP. Analysis of blood samples from CAMP,
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A neuroscientist’s neon pink arm cast led him and fellow researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis to discover previously undetected neuronal pulses in the human brain that activate after an immobilizing illness or injury. The pulses appeared on MRI scans used to measure brain activity of the neuroscientist and, later, two
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Yale scientists may have found a cause for the sudden onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in some children, they report. Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders, or PANDAS, were first proposed in the 1990s. Thought to be triggered by streptococcal infections, they account for an unknown portion of youth OCD cases. But the biology underpinning this disorder
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A national study measuring parental attitudes toward vaccinations found 6.1% were hesitant about routine childhood immunizations while nearly 26% were hesitant about the influenza vaccine. Our study provides the first national estimates of hesitancy about routine childhood and influenza vaccination among representative samples of U.S. parents of children, using a scale specifically developed and validated
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Scientists at the University of Southampton’s Zepler Institute for Photonics and Nanoelectronics are developing a rapid bedside test for diagnosing neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome (nRDS) in premature babies. The photonic platform combines the complementary capabilities of fingerprint Mid-IR and Raman spectroscopies to create a compact, versatile and easily operable device that could underpin a range
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 11 2020 Omar Rahman, M.D., director of the Munroe-Meyer Institute Department of Genetics at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, is part of a group that has created a training manual in both English and Spanish designed to help health care providers recognize and diagnose fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
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Jun 12 2020 QUT, in partnership with Children’s Health Queensland, will lead a nation-wide study to help health services support the long-term neurodevelopment and quality of life of children with congenital heart disease. The four-year study has received $2.99 million in funding through the Federal Government’s Medical Research Future Fund, announced by Federal Minister for
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The coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdowns have revealed how fragile everyday life is. Now, countries are slowly easing restrictions to return to normalcy. Most European countries imposed lockdowns in March, banning all non-essential travel and contact with other people outside one’s home. They closed all schools, businesses, amenities, and places of worship, in the hopes
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Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Jun 4 2020 Next-generation sequencing of the COVID-19 virus is providing powerful metagenomic data, which, combined with clinical data, will inform the search for effective treatments, as reported in the peer-reviewed journal Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology. Continued genomic and epigenomic analysis of SARS-CoV-2 is critical, as it can be used
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Head injuries that lead to concussions can happen at any age, and children impacted by concussions have different needs and recovery patterns. In a new study, researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have performed the most comprehensive characterization of elementary school-age concussions to date, revealing an opportunity to improve outcomes for this age group
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