Cancer

The anus usually consists of soft tissue. However, this tissue can become hard due to infections and other medical conditions, many of which range in severity. When this happens, it may feel as though there is a hard lump in the area. The anus is the opening at the lower part of the digestive tract,
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New research featuring in the journal Science Translational Medicine shows that fatty acids fuel prostate tumor growth. As blocking fatty acids seems to slow disease progression, fatty acid uptake may be a promising new therapeutic target for prostate cancer. It may soon be possible to stop prostate cancer from becoming aggressive by blocking fatty acids.
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People with symptoms of ovarian cancer or a recent diagnosis may want to learn more about the condition. Understanding ovarian cancer statistics is a logical place to start. Having questions about ovarian cancer is natural. People trying to understand more about the condition may want to know: how common ovarian cancer is who is most
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A worldwide study has identified gut bacteria that can boost the immune system’s ability to fight tumors. The finding should help improve and personalize immunotherapy treatments for cancer. Scientists find which gut bacteria help the immune system fight cancer. Immunotherapy is a general term for treatments that increase the body’s own ability to tackle disease.
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Lupron is the brand name for leuprolide acetate. This drug is a type of hormone therapy that doctors typically use in combination with other treatments to treat people with prostate cancer. Lupron belongs to a class of drugs called luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists. These medications block the production of LHRH in the body, which
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A person may miss a period for a number of common reasons. Ovarian cancer is a rare cause of a missed period. Ovarian cancer affects the ovaries, which are female reproductive organs that sit on either side of the uterus, or womb. This type of cancer may develop from various cell types in the ovaries
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The skin on the back of the neck by the hairline comes into contact with many things that can irritate it, including shampoo, residual detergent on clothing, sweat, and hair care products. This area of skin is also subject to friction from the hair and clothes. As a result, lumps, bumps, and other skin problems
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A swollen lump under the chin can be troubling, but it is usually not a cause for concern. Swollen lymph nodes, cysts, and allergies may cause these lumps to form. A lump can appear anywhere in the soft area under the chin and jawline. The lump may be large, small, firm, or soft, depending on
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LEEP stands for loop electrosurgical excision procedure. Doctors perform them to detect or treat cervical cancer. During a LEEP, an electrical current passes through a loop of wire. A doctor uses the wire to cut abnormal cells from the cervix. They send a sample of these cells to a laboratory to detect signs of cancer
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Following a series of experiments, researchers conclude that two compounds found in coffee might help slow the growth of prostate cancer cells. Although the findings are preliminary, they are encouraging. Scientists are dissecting coffee in search of cancer cures. Coffee is one of the most popular drinks on the planet and is a complex cocktail.
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A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes a person’s uterus. However, the surgeon often leaves part or all of the ovaries intact, which means it might still be possible for an individual to get ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer starts when tumor cells develop in the ovaries or the surrounding tissues. The
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Abdominal ultrasounds use sound waves to create images of structures and blood flow in the abdomen. These ultrasound images are a useful way of examining organs, tissues, blood vessels, and other structures within the abdomen. Ultrasound imaging involves sending high-frequency sound waves into the body. These waves reflect off of organs and other structures inside
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Recent years have seen a rise in do-it-yourself care products, from deodorant to soap and toothpaste. Recipes for homemade sunscreen are some of the most popular among social media users. However, a new study warns that homemade sunscreen may offer no protection against ultraviolets. A new study explains that homemade sunscreens may be ineffective and
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New research suggests that the greatest pollutants of office air are humans, who unwittingly carry and disperse unhealthful volatile compounds by wearing deodorant — and even by breathing. How do humans negatively affect office air quality? There is a lot of concern about the negative effects of air pollution on health. Exposure to polluted air
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New observational research indicates an association between a lower risk of precancerous growths (adenoma) in the bowel and yogurt consumption patterns — in men, at least. Men who eat yogurt may have a lower risk of precancerous growths in the bowel. Estimates from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) indicate that there will be 145,600 new
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A new treatment with a genetically modified herpes virus is effective against stage 3B and stage 4 melanoma, a recent human study confirms. A genetically modified herpes virus is demonstrably effective against stage 3 melanoma, researchers show. In 2015, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) for
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Male breast cancer is a relatively rare disease. For this reason, very few studies have evaluated the factors that have associations with better outcomes. A fresh investigation begins to fill this gap. Male breast cancer is rare but understudied. Male breast cancer (MBC) accounts for just 1% of all breast cancer cases. However, some scientists
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Rectal pressure can make a person feel like they constantly have to use the toilet. Pressure in the rectum can be uncomfortable or even painful. The rectum is the final portion of the large intestine. Stool travels through it before exiting the anus. The rectum is close to many other pelvic organs and typically sits
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A new phase I/II open-label, dose-escalation trial has recently tested the effectiveness of a “Trojan horse” drug in treating multiple types of otherwise treatment-resistant cancer in its late stages. A new clinical trial assesses the safety and effectiveness of an innovative drug against multiple cancers at an advanced stage. Recently, a team of experts from
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An amylase blood test measures the amount of amylase in a person’s blood. Abnormal levels of amylase may indicate pancreatitis or another problem with the pancreas. Amylase is a digestive enzyme that helps the body break down carbohydrates. Both the salivary glands and the pancreas produce amylase. Several different medical conditions can affect amylase levels
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One global study that investigated the role of iron in a variety of health conditions has found that excess iron may lead to a higher risk of bacterial skin infections. Excessive iron levels may be linked to skin infections such as abscesses. Iron is an essential mineral. All human cells contain some iron, but around
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Macrocephaly is the term for an unusually large head. An infant with macrocephaly will have a larger head than most other infants of the same age and sex. In many cases, this condition is benign or harmless. In other cases, it may indicate an underlying medical condition, such as a genetic syndrome or a brain
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Chemotherapy treatment for people who have advanced bowel cancer and a particular genetic mutation is commonly ineffective. A combination of three different drugs could be the key to improved treatment. New research reveals the power of triple therapy when it comes to tackling aggressive bowel cancer. The outlook for people with standard bowel cancer —
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In most cases, bumps on the cervix are benign, or noncancerous, growths, such as polyps or cysts. In some cases, however, they may indicate the presence of cervical cancer. A doctor might discover a bump on the cervix during a routine pelvic examination or a Pap smear test. This article provides an overview of what
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